What It Is:
Saccharin was discovered in 1879 and was used early in the 20th century as a sugar replacement for diabetics. Today the most common use is as a sweetener for beverages. It's found in a few diet sodas, and you can find Sweet'N Low in pink packets at restaurants and coffee shops.
What It Is Not:
How To Use It:
In 2000, saccharin was removed from the list of substances that cause cancer in humans after scientists determined the mechanism for bladder tumor formation in the male rats was not relative to human biology. In the United States, products that contain saccharin are no longer required to carry warning labels.
Other No-Calorie Sweeteners:
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. "Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: use of nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners." J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Feb;104(2):255-75.
National Cancer Institute. "Artificial Sweeteners and Cancer: Questions and Answers." Updated October 2006.
US Food and Drug Administration. "Artificial Sweeteners: No Calories ... Sweet!" July 2006.